Working Capital Gap and Net Capital GapWorking Capital Gap and Net Capital Gap

In this article, we delve into the critical financial concepts of Working Capital Gap and Net Capital Gap, essential for effective business management.

Working Capital Gap: A Crucial Metric

The Working Capital Gap signifies the variance between a company’s total current assets and total current liabilities, excluding bank borrowings. This metric holds immense importance as it determines the working capital available for day-to-day operations. The formula for calculating the Working Capital Gap is straightforward

Working Capital Gap = Current Assets − Current Liabilities (excluding bank borrowings)


Suppose a company has current assets of Rs. 100, current liabilities of Rs. 80 (excluding bank borrowings of Rs. 20). The Working Capital Gap would be Rs. 100 – Rs. 60 = Rs. 40.

Net Capital Gap

The Net Capital Gap takes a broader view, considering the difference between a company’s long-term sources and long-term uses of funds. It assesses the balance between funds available for long-term investments and those allocated for long-term assets. The formula for calculating the Net Capital Gap is expressed as:

Net Capital Gap=Long-term Sources−Long-term Uses

Let’s delve into a practical example to enhance our understanding of the concept. Assume Company ABC has total liabilities amounting to Rs. 100 lakh, consisting of Rs. 40 lakh in current liabilities and Rs. 60 lakh in long-term liabilities, which includes owner’s equity.

Now, suppose Company ABC strategically allocates funds as follows:

Rs. 50 lakhs for acquiring current assets

Rs. 50 lakhs for acquiring fixed assets

Calculating the Net Capital Gap involves subtracting the long-term uses from the long-term sources:

Net Capital Gap=Long-term Sources−Long-term Uses

Net Capital Gap=Rs.60lakhs−Rs.50lakhs=Rs.10lakhs

Long Term Sources and Uses: Fueling Growth

Long-term sources (LTS) encompass retained profits, share capital, debentures, long-term investments, and proceeds from the sale of fixed assets. These sources provide funds for long-term investment and expansion.

On the flip side, long-term uses (LTU) include expenses like purchasing fixed assets, repaying long-term loans, redeeming debentures, and covering losses from business operations.


Understanding the Working Capital Gap and Net Capital Gap is pivotal for assessing a business’s financial health. These concepts enable companies to gauge their ability to cover both short-term and long-term financial needs. Effectively managing these gaps ensures stability and growth in a competitive market. By implementing strategic financial practices, businesses can thrive and navigate the complexities of the financial landscape.

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